Further reading

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Banerjee-Dube, Ishita (ed.). Caste in history. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Bayly, Susan. Caste, society and politics in India: from the eighteenth century to the modern age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Beteille, Andre. Caste, class and power: changing patterns of stratification in a Tanjore village. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Bhagwan, Manu and Anne Feldaus (eds.). Claiming power from below: dalits and the subaltern question in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Bougle, C. Essays on the caste system. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Chalam, K.S. Caste-based reservations and human development in India. Delhi: Sage Publications, 2007.

Charsley, Simon R. and G.K. Karanth (eds.). Challenging untouchability: dalit initiative and experience from Karnataka. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998.

Chowdhry, Prem. Contentious marriages and eloping couples: gender, caste and patriarchy in northern India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Cohn, Bernard. Colonialism and its forms of knowledge: the British in India. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Deliège, Robert. The world of untouchables. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Deliège, Robert. The untouchables of India. Oxford: Berg Press, 1999.

Desai I.P. Untouchability in rural Gujarat. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1976.

Dirks, N.B. Castes of mind: colonialism and the making of modern India. Princeton University Press, 2001.

Dumont, L. Homo hierarchicus: The caste system and its implications. Delhi: Oxford India Paperbacks (first published in 1970).

Frankel, F. and M.S.A. Rao (eds.). Dominance and state power in modern India: decline of a social order. Delhi: Oxford University Press (two volumes). 1989; 1990.

Fuller, C.J. Caste today. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Galanter, Marc. Competing equalities: law and backward classes in India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Gorringe, Hugo. Untouchable citizens: dalit movements and democratisation in Tamil Nadu. New Delhi: Sage publications, 2005.

Gupta, Dipankar (ed.). Social stratification. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Gupta, Dipankar (ed). Interrogating caste: understanding hierarchy and difference in Indian society. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Gupta, Dipankar (ed). Caste in question: identity or hierarchy? New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2004.

Hardtman, Eva-Maria. The dalit movement in India: local practices, global connections. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Jaffrelot, C. India’s silent revolution: the rise of low castes in north Indian politics. Delhi: Permanent Black, 2003.

Jaffrelot, C. Dr Ambedkar and untouchability: analysing and fighting caste. Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004.

Jodhka S.S. (ed.) Changing caste: mobility, ideology, identity. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2012.

Joshi, Barbara R. (ed.) Untouchable! voices of the dalit liberation movement. London: Zed Books, 1986.

Juergensmeyer M. Religion as social vision: the movement against untouchability in 20th century Punjab. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Khare R.S. The untouchable as himself: ideology, identity and pragmatism among Lucknow chamars. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Kothari, Rajni (ed.). Caste in Indian politics (revised by James Manor). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2008 (1970).

Leach, E.R. (ed.). Aspects of caste in south India: Ceylon and northwest Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Mendelsohn, O. and M. Vicziany. The untouchables: subordination, poverty and the state in modern India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Menon, Dilip M. Blindness of insight: essays on caste in modern India. Chennai: Navayana Publications, 2006.

Michael S. M. (ed.). Dalits in modern India: visions and values. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications, 2007.

Michael, Moffatt. An untouchable community in south India: structure and consensus. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Murugkar, Lata. Dalit panther movement in Maharashtra: a sociological appraisal. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1991.

Nagaraj, D. R. The flaming feet and other essays: the dalit movement in India. Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2010.

Natrajan, Balmurli and Paul Greenough (eds.). Against stigma: studies in caste, race and justice since Durban. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2009.

Gail Omvedt. Cultural revolt in a colonial society: the non-brahman movement in western India: 1873 to 1930. Bombay: Scientific Socialist Education Trust, 1976.

Gail Omvedt. Dalits and the democratic revolution: Dr. Ambedkar and the dalit movement in colonial India. New Delhi/Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1994.

Pai, Sudha. Dalit assertion and the unfinished democratic revolution: the Bahujan Samaj Party in Uttar Pradesh. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2002.

Pandian, M.S.S. Brahmin and non-brahmin: genealogies of the Tamil political present. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2006.

Prashad, Vijay. Untouchable freedom: a social history of a dalit community. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Quigley, D. The interpretations of caste. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Rao, Anupama. The caste question: dalits and the politics of modern India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Rao, Anupama (ed.). Gender and caste. New Delhi: Kali For Women, 2003.

Rodrigues Valerian (ed.). The essential writings of B. R. Ambedkar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.

O’Hanlon, Rosalind. Caste, conflict and ideology: Mahatma Jotirao Phule and low-caste protest in 19th century Maharashtra. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Rudolph, Lloyd I. and Susanne H. Rudolph. The modernity of tradition: political development in India. Hyderabad: Orient Longman (Indian reprint 1999), 1967.

Shah, G. (ed.). Caste and democratic politics in India. Delhi: Permanent Black, 2002.

Shah, G. (ed.). Dalit identity and politics. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2001.

Shah, Ghanshyam, Harsh Mander, Sukhdeo Thorat, Satish Deshpande and Amita Baviskar (eds.). Untouchability in rural India. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2006.

Sharma, Ursula. Caste. New Delhi: Viva Books, 2002.

Singh H. (ed.). Caste among non-Hindus in India. New Delhi: National Publishing House, 1977.

Srinivas M.N. The dominant caste and other essays. Delhi: Oxford University Press (1994), 1959.

Srinivas M.N. Caste in modern India and other essays. Bombay: Media Promoter and Publishers, 1962.

Srinivas M.N. Social change in modern India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Srinivas M.N. (ed). Caste: its twentieth-century avatar. New Delhi: Viking, 1996.

Teltumbde, Anand. The persistence of caste: the Khairlanji murders and India’s hidden apartheid. New Delhi: Navayana Publications, 2010.

Thorat, Sukhadeo and Katherine Newman (eds.). Blocked by caste: economic discrimination in modern India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Thorat, Sukhdeo and Umakant (eds.). Caste, race and discrimination: discourses in international context. Jaipur and New Delhi: Rawat Publications, 2004.

Uma, Chakravarti. Gendering caste: through a feminist lens. Calcutta: Stree, 2003.

Weiner, Myron. The struggle for equality: caste in Indian politics, in Atul Kohli (ed.) The success of India’s democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Weisskopf, Thomas. Affirmative action in the United States and India: a comparative perspective. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Wiser, W.H. The Hindu jajmani system. Lucknow: Lucknow Publishing House, 1936.

Zelliot, Eleanor. From untouchable to dalit: essays on the Ambedkar movement. Delhi: Manohar, 2005.

Zelliot, Eleanor. The 19th century background of the mahar and the non-brahman movements. Delhi: Manohar, 1970.




Balagopal, K. Post-chundur and other chundurs. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 26(42): 1991: 2399-2405.

Beidelman, T.O. A comparative analysis of the jajmani system. Association for Asian Studies, monograph series VIII, 1959.

Beteille, Andre. Distributive justice and institutional well-being. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 26(11-12): 1991: 591-600.

Beteille, Andre. The reproduction of inequality: occupation, caste and family. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s,) 25(1): 1991: 13-28.

Beteille, Andre. The peculiar tenacity of caste. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ xlvii(13): 31 March 2012.

Berreman, G.D. The brahmanical view of caste. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s.) 5: 1971: 16-23.

Chowdhry, Prem. First our jobs then our girls: the dominant caste perceptions of ‘rising’ dalits. ‘Modern Asian Studies’ 43(2): 2009: 437-479.

Charsley, Simon R. Untouchable: what is in a name? ‘Journal of the Royal Anthropological lnstitute’ (n.s.) 2(1): 1996: 1-23.

Das, Veena and J.P.S. Uberoi. The elementary structures of caste. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s.) 5: 1971: 33-43.

Fuller, C.J. Kerala Christians and the caste system. ‘Man’ (n.s.) 11: 1976: 53-70.

Geetha, V. and Rajaduari, S. V. Dalits and non-brahmin consciousness in colonial Tamil Nadu. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 28(39): 1993: 2091-2098.

Gorringe, Hugo and Irene Rafanell. The embodiment of caste: oppression, protest and change. ‘Sociology’ 49(97): 2007: 97-114.

Guru, Gopal. Archaeology of untouchability. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 44(37): 2009: 49-56.

Jaoul, Nicolas. The ‘righteous anger’ of the powerless: investigating dalit outrage over caste violence. ‘SAMAJ’ 2: 2008:1-44.

Jodhka, Surinder S. Caste and untouchability in rural Punjab. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 37(19): 2002: 1813-23.

Jodhka, Surinder S. Sikhism and the caste question: dalits and their politics in contemporary Punjab. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s.) 23(1&2): 2004: 165-92.

Jodhka, Surinder S. Dalits in business: self-employed scheduled castes in north-west India. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 45(11): 13-19 March 2010: 41-48.

Jodhka, Surinder S. and Katherine Newman. In the name of globalisation: meritocracy, productivity and the hidden language of caste. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 42(41): 2007: 4125-32.

Lorenzen, David N. Tradition of non-caste Hinduism: Kabir panth. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ 21(2): 1987: 263-83.

Madan, T.N. On the nature of caste in India. A review symposium on Homo Hierarchicus, introduction. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s) 5: 1970: 1-13.

Mendelsohn Oliver. The transformation of authority in rural India. ‘Modern Asian Studies’ 27(4): 1993: 805-42.

Mencher, Joan. The caste system upside down or the not-so-mysterious east. ‘Current Anthropology’ 15(4): 1974: 469-493.

Nigam, Aditya. Secularism, modernity and nation: epistemology of the dalit critique. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 35(48): 2000: 4256-4268.

Pai, Sudha. New social and political movements of dalits; a study of Meerut district. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (34): 2000: 189-220.

Raheja, Gloria Goddwin. India: caste, kingship and dominance reconsidered. ‘Annual Review of Anthropology’ 17: 1998: 497-522.

Raheja, Gloria Goddwin. Centrality, mutuality and hierarchy: shifting aspects of inter-caste relationships in north India. ‘Contributions to Indian Sociology’ (n.s.) 23(1): 1989: 79-101.

Sarukkai, Sundar. Phenomenology of untouchability. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 44(37): 2009: 39-48.

Sundar, Nandini. Caste as a census category: implications for sociology. ‘Current Sociology’ 48(3): 2000: 111-126.

Srinivas, M.N. An obituary on caste as a system. ‘Economic and Political Weekly38(5): 1-7 February 2003: 455-459.

Yadav, Y. Electoral politics in the time of change: India’s third electoral system 1989-99. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 34(34-35): 1999: 2393-99.