Further reading

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Ahir, D.C. (ed.) Dr. Ambedkar on the British raj. New Delhi: Blumoon, 1997.

Ajnat, Surendra (ed.) Letters of Ambedkar. Jalandhar: Bheem Patrika Publications, 1993.

Anand, Mulk Raj and Eleanor Zelliot (eds.) An anthology of dalit literature (poetry). New Delhi: Gyan, 1992.

Anthoni Raj, Thumma. Dalit liberation theology: Ambedkarian perspective. Delhi: ISPCK, 2000.

Antony, M.J. Dalit rights: landmark judgements on SC/ST/Backward classes. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 1997.

Azariah, M. The un-Christian side of the Indian church: the plight of the untouchable converts. Bangalore: 1985.

Bandopadhyay, Sekhar. Caste, protest and identity in colonial India: the Namasudras of Bengal, 1872-1947. London: Curzon, 1997.

Bardan, Kalpana. Of women, outcastes, peasants and rebels. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Berreman, Gerald D. Caste and other inequalities: essays on inequality. Delhi: Manohar, 1979.

Berwa, Laxmi N. Asian dalit solidarity. Delhi: ISPCK, 1999.

Beteille, Andre. Backward classes and the new social order. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Bhai, P. Nirmal. Harijan women in independent India. Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 1986.

Bhole, R.R. An untouchable speaks. London: Britain Publishing Company, 1944.

Biswas, Swapan Kumar. Gods, false-gods and the untouchables. Delhi: Orion, 1998.

Bondurant, J. (ed.) Harijan: a journal of applied journalism, 1933-35 (19 vols.). New York: Garland, 1973.

Briggs, George Weston. The chamars. New Delhi: D.K. Publishers, 1997 (first published in 1920).

Burman, B.K. Roy (ed.) Social mobility movement among scheduled castes and tribes of India. New Delhi: Registrar General of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, 1970.

Chahal, S.K. Dalits patronized: the Indian National Congress and untouchables of India, 1921-1947. Delhi: Shubhi Publications, 2002.

Chandra, Kancha. Why ethnic parties succeed: patronage and ethnic headcounts in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Chandra, Ramesh (ed.) Dr. Ambedkar: science and society. New Delhi: Shree Publications, 2000.

Charsley, Simon R. and G.K. Karanth. Challenging untouchability: dalit initiative and experience from Karnataka. New Delhi: Sage, 1998, (Cultural subordination and the dalit challenge, Vol. 1).

Chatterjee, Debi. Up against caste: comparative study of Ambedkar and Periyar. Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 2004.

Chatterjee, Partha. On civil society and political society in post-colonial democracies. In Civil society: history and possibilities (ed.), Sudipta Kaviraj and Sunil Khilnani. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Chatterjee, Partha. The politics of the governed: reflections on popular politics in most of the world. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Chaudhary, S.N. (ed.) Changing status of depressed castes in contemporary India: essays in honour of Professor S.C. Dube. Delhi: Daya Publishing House, 1988.

Chinna Rao, Yagati. Dalits’ struggle for identity: Andhra and Hyderabad, 1900-1950. New Delhi: Kanishka, 2003.

Chinna Rao, Yagati. Dalit studies: a bibliographical handbook. New Delhi: Kanishka, 2003.

Chitnis, Suma. A long way to go: report on a survey of scheduled caste high school and college students in 15 states of India. New Delhi: Allied, 1981.

Clark, Sathianathan. Dalits and Christianity: subaltern religions and liberation theology in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Corbridge, Stuart and John Hariss. Reinventing India. New Delhi: Oxford, 2000.

Dangle, Arjun (ed.) Poisoned bread: translations from modern Marathi dalit literature. Hyderabad and Bombay: Orient Longman, 1992.

Das, Bhagwan (comp.) Selected speeches of Dr. Babasaheb B.R. Ambedkar. Banglore: Ambedkar Sahitya Prakashana and Ambedkar Memorial Society, 1980.

Das, Ganga. Who worship false gods: a rejoinder to Arun Shourie’s worshipping false gods. New Delhi: S.K. Associates, 1997.

Debroy, Bibek and D. Shyam Babu (eds.) The dalit question: reforms and social justice. New Delhi: Globus Books and Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, 2004.

Deliege, Robert. The untouchables of India (Tr. from the French by Nora Scott). New York and Oxford: Berg, 1999.

Dube, Saurabh. Untouchable pasts: religion, identity and power among a central Indian community, 1780-1950. New York: State University of New York, 1998.

Fernandes, Walter (ed.) The emerging dalit identity (the reassertion of subalterns). New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 1996.

Fisher, F.B. Touching the untouchables: India’s silent revolution. New York: Macmillan, 1920.

Fishman, Alvin Texas. Culture change and underprivileged: a study of Madigas in South India under Christian guidance. Madras: The Christian Literature Society for India, 1941.

Franco, Fernando (ed.) Pain and awakening: the dynamics of dalit identity in Bihar, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 2002.

Franco, Fernando, Jyotsna Macwan and Suguna Ramanathan. Journeys to freedom: dalit narratives. Kolkata: Samya, 2004.

Franco, Fernando, Jyotsna Macwan and Suguna Ramanathan. The silken swing: the cultural universe of Dalit women. Calcutta: Stree, 2000.

Fraser, Nancy and Linda Gordon. Civil citzenship and social citizenship. In The condition of citizenship (ed.), Bart van Steenbergen. London: Sage, 1994.

Freeman, James M. Untouchable: an Indian life history. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1979.

Fuchs, Stephen. At the bottom of Indian society: the harijan and other low castes. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1981.

Fuchs, Stephen. Children of Hari: a study of the Nimar Balahis in the central provinces of India. Vienna: Verlag Herold, 1950 and New York: F.A. Prager, 1951.

Fuller, C.J. Misconceiving the grain heap: a critique of the concept of the Indian jajmani system. In Money and the morality of exchange (ed.), J. Parry and M. Bloch. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Galanter, Marc. Competing equalities: law and the backward classes in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Gandhi, M.K. Caste must go and the sin of untouchability (compiled by R.K. Prabhu). Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1964.

Gokhale, Jayashree B. From concessions to confrontation: the politics of an Indian untouchable community. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1993.

Gooptu, Nandini. The politics of urban poor in early twentieth-century India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Gupta, Dipankar. Interrogating caste: understanding hierarchy and difference in Indian society. New Delhi: Penguin, 2000.

Gupta, Ramnika (ed.) Dalit chetna: soch. Hazaribag: Navlekhan Prakashan, 1998.

Gupta, Ramnika (ed.) Dalit kahani sanchayan. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 2000.

Gupta, S.K. The scheduled castes in modern Indian politics: their emergence as a political power. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1985.

Gupta, Shanti Swarup. Varna, castes and scheduled castes: a documentation in historical perspective with a classification index to scholarly writings in Indian journals, 1890-1990. New Delhi: Concept, 1991.

Guru, Gopal. Dalit cultural movement and dialectics of dalit politics in Maharashtra. Mumbai: Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, 1997.

Hiro, Dilip. The untouchables of India. London: Minority Rights Group, 1982 (second edition). Indian edition published by Dalit Sahitya Academy, 1984.

Ilaiah, Kancha. Buffalo nationalism: a critique of spiritual nationalism. New Delhi: Samya Publications, 2003.

Jadhav, Narendra. Dr. Ambedkar’s economic thought and philosophy. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1993.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. India’s silent revolution: the rise of the low castes in north Indian politics. Delhi: Permanent Black, 2003.

Jaswal, Surinder Singh. Reservation policy and the law: myth and reality of constitutional safeguards to scheduled castes. New Delhi: Deep and Deep, 2000.

Jatava, D.R. A silent soldier: an autobiography. Jaipur: Samata Sahitya Sadan, 2000.

Jogdand, P.G. (ed.) New economic policy and dalits. Jaipur: Rawat, 2000.

Jogdand, Prahlad Gangaram (ed.) Dalit women: issues and perspectives. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House, in collaboration with University of Poona, Pune, 1995.

Joshi, Barbara R. Democracy in search of equality: untouchable politics and Indian social change. Delhi: Hindustan Publication Corporation; and Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1982.

Juergensmeyer, Mark. Religion as social vision: the movement against untouchability in 20th century Punjab. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Kamble, N.D. Atrocities on scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in post-independence India (15th August 1947 to 15th August 1979). Delhi: Ashish Publishing, 1982.

Karlekar, Malavika. Poverty and women’s work: a study of sweeper women in Delhi. Delhi: Vikas, 1982.

Keer, Dhananjay. Dr. Ambedkar: life and mission. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1962, second edition; Third edition, New Delhi: D.K. Publishers, 1987; first published in 1951 (also available in Marathi and Malayalam).

Khare, Ravindra S. The untouchable as himself: ideology, identity and pragmatism among the Lucknow chamars. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Kotani, H. (ed.) Caste system, untouchability and the depressed. New Delhi: Manohar, 1997 (Japanese Studies on South Asia No. 1).

Kshirsagar, R.K. Dalit movement and its leaders 1857-1956. New Delhi: M.D. Publishers, 1994.

Lal, Shyam. From higher caste to lower caste: the process of asprashyeekaran and the myth of sanskritization. Jaipur: Rawat, 1997.

Lal, Shyam. Untold story of a bhangi vice-chancellor. Jaipur: University Book House, 2001.

Limbale, Sharankumar. Towards an aesthetic of dalit literature: history, controversies, and considerations. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004.

Louis, Prakash. Casteism is more horrendous than racism: Durban and dalit discourse. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 2001.

Lynch, Owen M. The politics of untouchability: social change in a city of India. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1969.

Macwan, Joseph. The stepchild (angaliyat). Translated by Rita Kothari. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Mahar, Michael J. (ed.) The untouchables in contemporary India. Tucson, Arizona: The University of Arizona Press, 1972.

Manickam, S. The social setting of Christian conversion in South India: the impact of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionaries on the Trichy-Tanjore diocese to the harijan communities of the mass movement area, 1820-1947. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1977.

Massey, James (ed.) Indigenous people: dalits, dalit issues in today’s theological debate. Delhi: ISPCK, 1998 (first published in1994).

Massey, James (ed.) Dalits in India: religion as a source of bondage or liberation with special reference to Christians. New Delhi: Manohar, 1995.

McGavran, D.A. India’s oppressed classes and religion. Jubbulpore: Mission Press, 1939.

McGaw, A.G. Out from India’s outcastes. New York: Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the USA, 1914.

Michael, S.M. (ed.) Dalits and modern India: vision and values. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications, 1999.

Moffat, Michael. An untouchable community in south India: structure and consensus. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Mohan, J. History of dalit struggle for freedom: Dravidian parties and dalit upsurge in Tamil Nadu. Pondicherry: Dhamma Institute of Social Sciences, 2001.

Moon, Vasant (ed.) Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar: writings and speeches, 18 Vols. Bombay: Government of Maharashtra (1990-2003).

Moon, Vasant (ed.) Growing up untouchable in India: a dalit autobiography (Tr. from Marathi by Gail Omvedt, with an introduction by Eleanor Zelliot). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Mujahid, Abdul Malik. Conversion to Islam: untouchables’ strategy for protest in India. Chambersburg: 1989.

Mukherjee, D. Caste and outcaste. New York: 1929.

Murugkar, Lata. Dalit panther movement in Maharashtra: a sociological appraisal. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1991.

Naimishray, Mohan Das. Caste and race: comparative study of B.R. Ambedkar and Martin Luther King. New Delhi: Rawat, 2003.

Nancharaiah, G. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s strategy of economic development and its relevance. In Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Memorial Lectures (Hyderabad: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Memorial Trust, 1995), [This Lecture was originally delivered on 6 December 1994].

Narang, Harish (ed.) Writing black writing dalit: essays in black African and dalit Indian writings. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, 2002.

Narasimham, K.V. The alternative. Bangalore: Dalit Sahitya Academy, 2002.

Narayan, Badri. Inventing caste history: dalit mobilisation and nationalist past. In Dipakar Gupta (ed.), Caste in question: identity or hierarchy? New Delhi: Sage, 2004 [Contributions to Indian Sociology, Occasional Series 12].

Narayan, Badri and Misra, A.R. (edited, compiled and translated). Multiple marginalities: an anthology of identified dalit writings. New Delhi: Manohar, 2004.

Olcott, Henry S. The poor paraiah. Madras: 1902, [pamphlet].

Omvedt, Gail. Ambedkar: towards an enlightened India. New Delhi: Penguin Viking, 2004.

Omvedt, Gail. Dalits and the democratic revolution: Dr. Ambedkar and the dalit movement in colonial India. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1994.

Oommen, George. Paths of dalit liberation in Kerala: interaction with christianity and communism, 1854-1966. Surrey: Curzon Press, 1996.

Pai, Sudha. Dalit assertion and the unfinished democratic revolution: the Bahujan Samaj Party in Uttar Pradesh. New Delhi: Sage, 2002.

Paswan, Sanjay and Paramanshi Jaideva. Encyclopedia of dalits in India (11 Vols). New Delhi: Kalpaz, 2002.

Pathak, Bindeshwar. The road to freedom: a sociological study on the abolition of scavenging in India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1991.

Prabhakar, M.E. (ed.) Towards a common dalit theology. Delhi: Indian Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1989.

Prabhu, P.N. Report of the seminar on casteism and removal of untouchability. Bombay: Indian Conference of Social Work, 1955.

Prashad, Vijay. Untouchable freedom: a social history of a dalit community. New Delhi: OUP, 2000.

Punnisingh, Kamla Prasad (eds.) Bharatiya dalit sahitya: pariprekshya. Delhi: Vani Prakashan, 2003.

Ram, Nandu. Beyond Ambedkar: essays on dalits in India. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications, 1995.

Rao, Anupama (ed.) Gender and caste: issues in contemporary Indian feminism. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 2003.

Rawat, Ramnarayan S. Partition politics and achhut identity: a study of scheduled castes federation and dalit politics in UP, 1946-48. In Suvir Kaul (ed.) The partitions of memory: the afterlife of the division of India. Delhi: Permanent Black, 2001.

Shah, Gyanshyam (ed.) Dalit identity and politics. cultural subordination and the dalit challenge. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2001.

Singh, Tej. Aaj ka dalit sahitya. Delhi: Atish Prakashan, 2000.

Teltumbde, Anand. Globalization and the dalits. Nagpur: Sanket Prakashan, 2001.

The Bhopal document: charting a new course for dalits for the 21st century. Bhopal: Government of Madhya Pradesh, 2002.

Thorat, S.K. Ambedkar’s role in economic planning and water policy. Delhi: Shipra, 1998.

Tilak, Rajni. Padchaap. Delhi: CADAM, 2000.

Valmiki, Omprakash. Dalit sahitya ka saundarya-shastra. Delhi: Radhakrishna, 2001.

Viramma, Josiane and Jean-Luc Racine. Viramma: life of an untouchable (Tr. from the French by Will Hobson). London: Verso, 1997 (Unesco collection of representative works).

Viyogi, Kusum (ed.) Samkaleen dalit kahaniyan. Hapur: Muhim Prakashan, 1998.

Zelliot, Eleanor. From untouchable to dalit: essays on the Ambedkar movement. New Delhi: Manohar, 2001 [1992].

Zelliot, Eleanor. Bibliography on untouchability. In Michael J. Mahar (ed.), The untouchables in contemporary India. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1972, [This perhaps was the first ever systematically compiled ‘bibliography’ on Dalits].



Baxi, Upendra. Caste, class and reservation. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 20(10): 1985.

Beteille, Andre. Race and descent as social categories in India. ‘Daedalus’ 96: 1967.

Beteille, Andre. The scheduled castes: an inter-regional perspective. ‘Journal of Indian School of Political Economy’ 12(3-4): 2000.

Guru, Gopal and V. Geetha. New phase of dali-bahujan intellectual activity. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 35(3): 2000.

Guru, Gopal. Dalit baudhikta aur sanskritik divare. Prarambh (Dalit Sahitya Visheshank) 1(3): 2004: 4-14.

Jeffrey, Robin. (Not) being there: dalits and India’s newspapers. ‘South Asia’ 24(2): 2001.

Mayer, Peter. Inventing village tradition: the late 19th century origins of the north Indian ‘jajamani system’. ‘Modern Asian Studies’ 27(2): 357-395: 1993.

Nigam, Aditya. Secularism, modernity, nation: epistemology of the dalit critique. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’ 35(48): 2000.

Pandian, M.S.S. Dalit assertion in Tamil Nadu: an exploratory note. ‘Journal of Indian School of Political Economy’ 12(3-4): 2000.

Parry, Jonathan. The gift, the Indian gift and the ‘Indian gift’. ‘Man’ 21: 1986: 453-73.

Ramachandran, Shalini. ‘Poisoned bread’: protest in dalit short stories. ‘Race and Class’ 45(4): 2004: 27-44.

Rawat, Ramnarayan S. Making claims for power: a new agenda in dalit politics of Uttar Pradesh, 1946-48. ‘Modern Asian Studies’ 37(3): 2003.



Redressing Disadvantages (549): May 2005; Exclusion (508): December 2001; Dalit (471): November 1998; Reserved Futures (375): November 1990.