State Population Policies: Incentives and Disincentives




Nature of Incentives/disincentives

(7.24) a) District/Gram Panchayat/Village Level for:

(i) Exceeding protection of couples under family welfare programme beyond a fixed percentage, say 60%

(iii) 100% ante-natal coverage of women members... and on the percentage of eligible couple – members who are protected under FWP

(iv) ...Best performing district…best performing primary health centre and.. best performing gram panchayat

(7.24) a)

(i) Such incentives will be provided in the shape of additional works, school buildings, etc. and by setting apart a portion from the overall funds available under schemes such as JRY, EAS, RWS, etc.

(ii) Every village which achieves the performance level... will also be selected for full coverage under schemes such as TRYSEM, low cost sanitation scheme and weaker section housing scheme

(iii) Preference in funding of DWCRA groups

(iv) Rolling shield at every level

(7.24) b) Individual Level for:

(i) 3 couples per district with two girl children adopting permanent method of family planning or with one child adopting permanent method or with two or less children adopting vasectomy

(ii) Acceptors of permanent methods at district and mandal level

(iv) Acceptors of sterilisation with (in priority):

* two girl children, one child adopting vasectomy, acceptor with one child, acceptor with two children adopting vasectomy, acceptor with two children

(7.24) b)

(i) An award of Rs 10,000 each to three couples per district... by lucky dip

(ii) Similar prizes with local contribution

(iv) Preference will be given... in schemes such as assignment of land, allotment of surplus agricultural land, assignment of house sites and houses, IRDP, SC Action Plan, BC Action Plan, TRYSEM, PMRY, CMYEP, etc.

(7.24) c) ‘Best’ Service Providers for

(i) District health officer, medical officer, mass media functionary, female health supervisor, male health worker, NGO for innovative strategies

(ii) At district and mandal level

(iii) Team of service providers who have achieved a performance level which is above a prescribed minimum standard

(7.24) c)

(i) Chief Minister’s Gold Medal

• Awards presented on World Population Day

• Cash awards

7.25 Government employees to serve as role models as that they may give lead in adopting two child norm

7.25 Government to examine the desirability of limiting incentives such as LTC and educational concession for the first two children only. Government will also examine the desirability of restricting family planning incentives to all acceptors of sterilisation an equal one time benefit. Government will explore the possibility of modifying the service rules and promotion policies such that adoption of two child norm is encouraged



Nature of Incentives/disincentives

Population Stabilisation Goals:

5.2 The goal has been set to achieve replacement level fertility by the year 2016. Though difficult, it is essential to attain the objective. With this in view, the rate of contraceptive use has to be increased to 68% by the year 2016.


All over the state to promote small family norm

6.4 Age at Marriage:

6.4.2 ... * Observance of the minimum age of marriage to be made compulsory for availing of government facilities and services

* Stiffer penal provisions for violation of the legal age at marriage

6.5.3 ... * Ensuring strict enforcement of Sarda Act, Pre Natal Diagnostic Technique Act, etc.

6.6.2 Symbolic awards for good performance

6.6.3 ... in case of panchayati raj institutions/municipalities where the candidates having two or more children are ineligible to contest elections. ... The same provisions can also be considered for other elected bodies like cooperative institutions and as a service condition to state government employees The legal provisions barring people with more than two children from elections to panchayats and municipal bodies is a testimony of the firm political will and commitment towards population control

Government employees to encourage two child norm

6.6.4 * Provision of certificate of excellence at district level to various classes of government employees, and voluntary and social organisations for outstanding achievements

Service Providers

* Linking part of the sanction of various development works/ schemes with the level of achievement of the population policy

6.6.1 A policy decision has been taken to discontinue the incentive scheme... (even to service providers and sterilisation acceptors)

6.6.2 ... it will be useful to give symbolic awards for good performance and initiate efforts to minimise laxity and negligence



Nature of Incentives/disincentives


The main objective of the Population Policy is to reach the replacement level of fertility of 2.1 by 2016. For this purpose, the contraceptive prevalence rate by modern methods must increase from 22% in 1998-99 to 52% in 2016. Fertility and contraceptive behaviour are inextricably linked to infant and child mortality. To achieve population stabilisation, there is an urgent need to reduce the infant mortality rate and also the maternal mortality ratio

(While the state policy does not indicate incentives/disincentives, some of the steps suggested to achieve the objective need to be examined)

2.4 Reduction in fertility:

2.4.1 Increase use of modern contraceptive methods from 22% in 1998-99 to 46% in 2011 and to 52% in 2016 by improving the demand, quality and access dimensions of the family planning programme

2.4.4 Encourage all couples with unmet need to use terminal or spacing methods... increase the number of new users of sterilisation services to at least 10 lakh couples...

3.1.4 Role of panchayats in programme implementation

• Panchayats would be responsible for recording marriages in addition to births and deaths. This data would be shared with the grassroot level workers to help them provide RCH services, including family planning

• Of the total financial resources allocated to PR institutions, 10% will be earmarked for performance based disbursement; particularly for performance in the areas of reproductive and child health services and female education

• Those panchayats whose performance best meets clients RCH needs will be honoured by the Chief Minister and given special development grants for community assets



Nature of Incentives/disincentives


The main objective of the population policy is to reach a TFR of 2.1 by 2011. Contraceptive prevalence must increase from the present rate of 42% to around 65% in 2011

4.1 Creating a conducive environment by following two child norm and other rules


4.1.2 Empowering women

4.1.2 To increase the age at marriage for women, the government will enact a Compulsory Marriage Registration Act and will conduct special campaigns with the help of government departments, non governmental organisations, and panchayati raj institutions to inform the public. In addition, the legal age at marriage will be made a criterion for those seeking jobs, especially public jobs... admission in educational institutions applying for loans, etc.

4.1.4 Mobilising community support:

4.1.4 • From 26 January 2001, persons marrying before legal age at marriage will not be eligible to seek government employment in MP

• Persons having more than 2 children after 26 January 2001 would not be eligible for contesting elections for panchayats, local bodies, mandis or cooperatives in the state. In case they get elected and in the mean time they have the third child, they would be disqualified for that post

• The girl-child scheme like Rajlakshmi to ensure retention of girls in schools and to prevent child marriages will be launched in the state with the help of financial institutions.

• Awards will be given in the field of community support for population stabilisation at all levels for the best performing health institutions, individuals and panchayat raj institutions every year

• Rural development schemes, particularly those dealing with infrastructure, will be linked with family planning and reproductive health performance